Kentucky graduates make incremental gains on ACT

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(FRANKFORT, Ky.) – Kentucky public high school graduates held steady in meeting the state’s college-readiness benchmarks on the ACT college-entrance exam in reading and English, but lost ground in meeting the state mathematics benchmark, according to data released by ACT. Commissioner Stephen Pruitt said the report indicates that Kentucky still has “some serious work ahead of us” to ensure all students are prepared for the next level.

The state benchmarks represent the minimum scores that guarantee students entry into corresponding credit-bearing college courses at Kentucky college and universities without the need for developmental education or supplemental courses. (ACT also has its own College Readiness Benchmarks, which are different than Kentucky’s benchmarks, and represent the minimum score needed on an ACT subject-area test to indicate a 50 percent chance of obtaining a B or higher or about a 75 percent chance of obtaining a C or higher in credit-bearing college courses.)

Nationally, overall achievement – both the average ACT Composite score and the percentage of students meeting ACT College Readiness Benchmarks – dropped in 2016, a downturn ACT officials attributed to the significant increase in the percentage of students being tested.

Percentage of Kentucky Public School Graduates Meeting CPE Standards for College Readiness

College-Level CourseBenchmark2014 Graduates Meeting Benchmark2015 Graduates Meeting Benchmark2016 Graduates Meeting Benchmark
English1856.4%57.2%57%
Mathematics1941.3%44.5%41%
Reading2048%49.5%50%
Standard- and extended-time students are combined.

 

In recent years, Kentucky graduates – spurred by higher standards and college- and career-readiness goals tied to Senate Bill 1 (2009) – have realized significantly greater gains on the ACT than their counterparts nationwide.

“From 2011 to 2015, Kentucky public school graduates made gains in every subject and more than a three-quarter point improvement in the overall composite score,” Education Commissioner Stephen Pruitt said. “This year’s results are mixed comparatively.

“Certainly we would like to see gains each year, but I am encouraged that in two out of three content areas, Kentucky students sustained the gains we have seen since 2011. As we look to the future, we must recommit ourselves to take each and every student to higher achievement levels.”

Kentucky Public High School Graduates' Average ACT Scores

 2013201420152016
English18.719.019.119.2
Mathematics18.919.119.319.1
Reading19.519.920.020.2
Science19.419.719.819.6
Composite19.319.519.719.7
Number Taking Test45,05244,55845,16246,285
Standard- and extended-time students are combined.

 

For the past four years, ACT has included scores for students receiving extended-time accommodations in its summary reporting. These students typically register lower test scores than students who do not receive additional time to take the test. Eight percent of Kentucky test-takers receive ACT-approved accommodations as compared with 5 percent of students nationally.

Composite scores for various groups of public school graduates are up from where they were several years ago, but the numbers illustrate that achievement gaps persist.

2013-2016 Kentucky Public School Graduates' ACT Composite Scores, By Ethnic Group and Gender

 2013 Composite2014 Composite2015 Composite2016 Composite
All Students19.319.519.719.7
African American16.316.716.716.8
American Indian16.716.717.017.3
White19.820.120.320.3
Hispanic18.018.518.418.3
Asian21.422.822.022.6
Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander18.518.218.816.6
Two or More Races19.419.719.819.8
Other/No Response18.117.918.017.8
Males18.919.219.419.5
Females19.619.920.020.1
No Gender Response15.615.616.517.4
Standard- and extended-time students are combined.

 

Pruitt said it is imperative that each student has an opportunity to graduate college/career-ready. The state is putting an emphasis on strategies to close achievement gaps and working with schools and districts to do so, as well as rethinking student learning and engagement in high school, he said.

“In Kentucky, we are working to move each child to higher levels of learning while also determining the root cause of achievement gaps, which we believe stem from opportunity gaps and access to rigorous, high-quality learning opportunities,” Pruitt said. “Students excel when presented with challenging and interest-driven projects or instruction. That is true for all students, both advanced and less advanced. We must make sure that low income and minority students have the same opportunities to excel as their classmates.”

“The achievement gap is something we all have to own,” he added. “Until we all share responsibility, we won’t see the change we want to see.”

While Senate Bill 1 (2009) drove increased student achievement for the past several years, Pruitt said this year’s flat ACT scores show the timing is right for Kentucky to take advantage of opportunities being offered by the new Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), the main federal law governing public education. Among other things, ESSA calls for states to develop new accountability systems that will close achievement gaps.

Pruitt held town hall style meetings this past spring to collect ideas from citizens about how to measure school and student success, and has established work groups to make recommendations on a new accountability system that will be a catalyst for every child succeeding.

“Improving education must be done collaboratively. We need all shareholders working together to improve our schools and the lives our children,” Pruitt said. “This is the most important work we have ahead of us. These are the children of the Commonwealth, our children, and the future of our state depends on us, all of us, coming together to do what is right for each and every one of them.”

There is a strong correlation between student performance on the ACT and the rigor of the courses a student takes in high school. While Kentucky’s minimum high school graduation requirements of four years of English and three years each of mathematics (including Algebra 1, Algebra 2 and geometry); science and social studies aligned with ACT’s recommended core curriculum, the rigor of the courses varies widely. Generally speaking, the more rigorous the courses the student takes, the better the student performs on the ACT.

For the 2016 graduating class report, ACT Inc. used students’ scores from the last time they took the test, either as a junior or senior.

Statewide data for the junior class who took the ACT in March 2016 will be released in the School Report Card later this fall.

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